Document Type

Report/Policy Paper

Publication Date



While internationally Paraguay is known for being the largest hydropower exporter in the world, the domestic economy suffers from regular outages and high system losses. The country is largely dependent on agricultural production, which has led to volatile economic performances in the past resulting from climatic circumstances and commodity price fluctuations. To address these two key policy challenges, the Government of Paraguay has approached The Earth Institute to: 1) explore the potential of a climate risk management system and sustainable agriculture activities to mitigate environmental vulnerability and 2) develop a high-level strategic plan to use Paraguay’s vast hydropower resources for sustainable economic development and the diversification of its economy.

Together with the Center on Globalization and Sustainable Development, the CCSI has drafted this report, which:

  • outlines the current challenges faced by the electricity sector and recommends how these could be addressed
  • provides suggestions for how Paraguay could use its excess electricity to diversify its economy and reduce its fossil fuel dependency, and
  • analyzes past revenue streams from electricity exports, suggests ways to maximising future export revenues and provides management system tools that could be considered to allocate these revenues efficiently in the future.


Energy and Utilities Law | Environmental Law | International Law | Law | Law and Economics | Natural Resources Law | Oil, Gas, and Mineral Law | Securities Law | Transnational Law