What is Foreign Direct Investment (FDI)? FDI occurs when an individual or corporation in one country (“home state”) sets up or buys all or a significant part of a company that is incorporated in a different country (“host state”). Companies invest abroad to access land-based resources including mining, more affordable labour for instance in manufacturing, and new markets, among other reasons. Many countries seek to attract FDI in order to realize benefits in the form of tax revenues, technology transfer, jobs, and other economic linkages. The images below illustrate the concept of FDI, as well as some of the sectors and industries into which it flows.
Environmental Law | International Law | Law
Columbia Center on Sustainable Investment,
Primer on International Investment Treaties and Investor-State Dispute Settlement,
Available at: https://scholarship.law.columbia.edu/sustainable_investment_staffpubs/213