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Book Chapter

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This chapter examines how political control over government is exercised today in the UK, the US, and France, focusing on control of the executive branch by the legislature and control of the administrative executive by the political executive. These three jurisdictions were chosen because they are paradigmatic examples of different political regimes: parliamentarism, separation of powers presidentialism, and semi-presidentialism. In theory, these different institutional structures should affect how political control is understood and wielded. In the traditional Westminster parliamentary model, for example, the government is formed from the leadership of the majority party in Parliament and it is the government that controls policy-making. By contrast, the traditional account of a separation of powers regime posits a separate legislature and executive as institutional rivals. Semi-presidential regimes combine a popularly elected presidential-type executive with a legislatively-dependent cabinet executive.


Comparative and Foreign Law | Constitutional Law | Law


This material has been published in "The Oxford Handbook of Comparative Administrative Law", edited by Peter Cane, Herwig C. H. Hofmann, Eric C. Ip, and Peter L. Lindseth. This version is free to view and download for private research and study only. Not for re-distribution or re-use.