A persistent theme in the literature on state-local relations has been the plenary power of state governments and the legal powerlessness of local governments. The "black letter" rules of state-local relations are that the state governments enjoy complete hegemony over their political subdivisions, that local governments are mere "creatures" of the states, with only those powers that the states delegate to them, and there is no such thing as an "inherent right" of local self-government.
Constitutional Law | Law | State and Local Government Law
State-Local Relations and Constitutional Law,
Available at: https://scholarship.law.columbia.edu/faculty_scholarship/4173