Over the past forty-five years, international peace-keeping has developed two principal operational models: the small power model and the big power model. The small power model accounts for virtually all U.N. peace-keeping efforts over more than four decades. However, the big power model is becoming increasingly important to a world which is demanding both symbolism and substance from the United Nations.
Under the small power model, modest, lightly armed contingents from small states are deployed to symbolize international concern rather than to enforce international order. Typically, the participating states have no direct stake in the outcome of the conflict in question and do not aspire to project their own power into the conflict area. Thus, the majority of troops have come from countries such as the Nordic countries, Austria, and Fiji.
International Law | Law
Lori F. Damrosch,
The Role of the Great Powers in United Nations Peace-Keeping,
Yale J. Int'l L.
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