Ten years ago, when the Columbia Journal of European Law began, the European Union was, as we tend to say, "in a different place" than it is today. The "internal market" or, as it was called, the "1992" program had very largely been achieved, validating the institutional changes wrought by the Single European Act and boosting incalculably the Community's credibility as a regional economic entity and potential international political force. The Member States had just successfully orchestrated what may fairly be regarded as their most ambitious Intergovernmental Conference to date, culminating in the Treaty of Maastricht. While the referendum road was by no means a smooth one, it ended with a broadly positive sigh of relief.
George A. Bermann,
Introduction to the Decennial Volume,
Colum. J. Eur. L.
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