National Security Law Program
The following section provides an overview of how to think about air power and coercion, addressing several key limits of the current literature. We next examine NATO goals in Kosovo and the mixed success eventually achieved. Using that baseline, we explore various explanations for Belgrade's eventual capitulation and clarify how air power's role in each of them should be understood; we leave aside the issue of whether coercion was a proper strategy for addressing the Balkan crisis and focus instead on how to assess air power as a tool of that strategy. We conclude with recommendations for recasting the air power debate to better reflect air power's true contributions and limits.
Daniel L. Byman & Matthew C. Waxman,
Kosovo and the Great Air Power Debate,
Available at: https://scholarship.law.columbia.edu/faculty_scholarship/2255