When the United States Commission on Civil Rights completed its recent study of discrimination in employment, its findings began on the same depressing note sounded by virtually every student of the problem since the end of slavery:
[N]egro workers are still disproportionately concentrated in the ranks of the unskilled and semiskilled in both private and public employment. They are also disproportionately represented among the unemployed because of their concentration in unskilled and semi-skilled jobs-those most severely affected by both cyclical and structural unemployment-and because Negro workers often have relatively low seniority. These difficulties are due in some degree to present or past discrimination in employment practices, in educational and training opportunities, or both.
In short, we are reminded once again that past and continuing discrimination still means disproportionately high unemployment and disproportionately low earnings for Negroes.
Michael I. Sovern,
The National Labor Relations Act and Racial Discrimination,
Colum. L. Rev.
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