Written for a forthcoming book on e-governance and e-democracy, this essay summarizes the current state of play in electronic rulemaking in the United States. It thus focuses on a context in which the use of electronic consultation by “executive branch” actors engaged in policy-making has been developing for over a decade, and has reached a point of considerable, although not final maturity. Initially developed haphazardly, agency-by-agency, it is now (albeit with friction in the gears) moving towards a centralized regime. The practice is rarely consultative in the full sense the book as a whole will address; while the public is given opportunities for input, and the input processes are transparent in varying degrees, online exchanges in the nature of a conversation or round-table are not yet imagined in conventional rulemaking - although first steps in that direction have been taken under the aegis of the Office of Science and Technology Policy.
Peter L. Strauss,
Legal Frameworks and Institutional Contexts for Public Consultation Regarding Administrative Action: The United States,
Columbia Public Law Research Paper No. 09-221
Available at: https://scholarship.law.columbia.edu/faculty_scholarship/1596