"Tolerated use" is a term that refers to the contemporary spread of technically infringing, but nonetheless tolerated, use of copyrighted works. Such patterns of mass infringement have occurred before in copyright history, though perhaps not on the same scale, and have usually been settled with the use of special laws, called compulsory licensing regimes, more familiar to non-copyright scholars as liability rules. This paper suggests that, in present times, a different and slightly unusual solution to the issue of widespread illegal use is emerging-an "opt-in" system for copyright holders, that is in property terms a rare species of ex post notice or "safety" right. In addition, this paper proposes a different way to deal with tolerated use problems-the "copyright no action policy."
Intellectual Property Law | Law
Colum. J. L. & Arts
Available at: https://scholarship.law.columbia.edu/faculty_scholarship/1534