Center for Public Research and Leadership
School desegregation is not dead. It lives quietly in what used to be the Confederate South. Notwithstanding the Reagan and Bush Administrations' ten-year campaign to limit the legal, remedial, and temporal scope of court-ordered integration plans throughout the nation, desegregation persists in southern rural areas where substantial numbers of black Americans continue to reside and in southern urban areas where school districts were organized in 1970 to encompass not only the inner city but also the suburbs. By many accounts, moreover, desegregation is an effective and accepted – one may even say respected – member of the family of social institutions active in those parts. From a southern perspective, reports of desegregation's demise are not exaggerated, but wrong.
James S. Liebman,
Desegregating Politics: "All-Out" School Desegregation Explained,
Colum. L. Rev
Available at: https://scholarship.law.columbia.edu/faculty_scholarship/116