Document Type

Memo/Briefing Note

Publication Date



This briefing provides guidance to policy- and decision-makers (hereafter, “policymakers”) on the benefits of and strategies for taking a human rights-based approach to renewable energy policy. It highlights the various impacts of utility-scale renewable energy projects on peoples and communities, associated risks for policymakers, and explains how national, regional, and global policies can help mitigate those impacts and risks. The briefing addresses different agents of policy- and decision-making: Host states, where renewable energy projects are proposed or located; Home states where corporations pursuing renewable energy investments, especially investments abroad, are based; Development Finance Institutions (DFIs) financing renewable energy investments, especially those required to comply with environmental and social safeguards; and Intergovernmental bodies concerned with socio-economic cooperation, which can set standards regarding the conduct of renewable energy investments. This briefing is part of a series of publications by the Columbia Center on Sustainable Investment that provide guidance on adopting a rights-based approach to renewable energy deployment.


Energy Policy | Environmental Law | Law