The Columbia Center on Sustainable Investment (CCSI), a joint center of Columbia Law School and the Earth Institute, Columbia University, is the only university-based applied research center and forum dedicated to the study, practice and discussion of sustainable international investment. It develops practical approaches for governments, investors, communities, and other stakeholders to maximize the benefits of international investment for sustainable development. Applying its legal, economic, and policy expertise, CCSI addresses sustainable investment holistically, bridging investment law, natural resource management, human rights, economics, political economy, and environmental management. It works to strengthen the sustainable development potential of international investment, and to ensure that international investment is mutually beneficial for investors and the citizens of recipient countries.

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Articles

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Investment Governance in Africa to Support Climate Resilience and Decarbonization, Martin Dietrich Brauch and Brenda Akankunda

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Corporate Net-Zero Pledges: The Bad and the Ugly, Jack Arnold and Perrine Toledano

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Advocates Say ISDS Is Necessary Because Domestic Courts Are ‘Inadequate,’ But Claims and Decisions Don’t Reveal Systemic Failings, Maria Rocha, Martin Dietrich Brauch, and Tehtena Mebratu-Tsegaye

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Investor-State Dispute Prevention: A Critical Reflection, Lise Johnson, Lisa E. Sachs, and Ella Merrill

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Should the European Union Fix, Leave or Kill the Energy Charter Treaty?, Martin Dietrich Brauch

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Nigeria’s Petroleum Industry Bill: A Missed Opportunity to Prepare for the Zero-Carbon Future, Solina Kennedy, Martin Dietrich Brauch, Perrine Toledano, and Tehtena Mebratu-Tsegaye

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Equipping the Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation for the Low-Carbon Transition: How Are Other National Oil Companies Adapting?, Perrine Toledano, Martin Dietrich Brauch, Tehtena Mebratu-Tsegaye, and Francisco Javier Pardinas Favela

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Mechanisms for Consultation and Free, Prior and Informed Consent in the Negotiation of Investment Contracts, Sam Szoke-Burke and Kaitlin Y. Cordes

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Making Coffee Sustainable, Jeffrey D. Sachs and Kaitlin Y. Cordes

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A Model for “Smart” Mineral Enterprise Development for Spurring Investment in Climate Change Mitigation Technology, Saleem Ali, Robert K. Perrons, Perrine Toledano, and Nicolas Maennling

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Environmental Injustice: How Treaties Undermine the Right to a Healthy Environment, Lisa E. Sachs, Lise Johnson, and Ella Merrill

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Tying the Knot: An Interdisciplinary Approach to Understanding the Human Right to Adequate Nutrition, Jessica Fanzo, Kaitlin Y. Cordes, Elizabeth F. Fox, and Anna Bulman

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Framing the Global Pact for the Environment: Why It’s Needed, What It Does, and How It Does It, Teresa Parejo Navajas and Nathan Lobel

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Tax Expenditure and the Treatment of Tax Incentives for Investment, Agustin Redonda, Santiago Diaz de Sarralde, Mark Hallerberg, Lise Johnson, Ariel Melamud, Ricardo Rozemberg, Jakob Schwab, and Christian von Haldenwang

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Il Contributo Delle Compagnie Oil & Gas nel Raggiungimento Degli Obiettivi Energetici e Climatici (How Oil and Gas Companies Can Help Meet the Global Goals on Energy and Climate Change), Lisa E. Sachs, Nicolas Maennling, and Perrine Toledano

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At the Intersection of Land Grievances and Legal Liability: The Need to Reconsider Contract Rights and Expectations at the Supranational Level, Kaitlin Y. Cordes, Lise Johnson, and Sam Szoke-Burke

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India’s Revised Model BIT: Two Steps Forward, One Step Back?, Jesse Coleman and Kanika Gupta

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Submission Regarding Amendments to the ICSID Arbitration Rules, Columbia Center on Sustainable Investment

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International Investment Agreements: Impacts on Climate Change Policies in India, China and Beyond, Lise Johnson and Brooke Güven

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Here's the Deal, Sam Szoke-Burke

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TransCanada Lawsuit Highlights Need to Scuttle TPP, Jeffrey D. Sachs, Brooke Güven, and Lisa E. Sachs

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ResourceContracts.org – A Searchable Repository for Publicly Available Mining and Petroleum Contracts, Sophie Thomashausen

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Corporate Agricultural Investment and the Right to Food: Addressing Disparate Protections and Promoting Rights-Consistent Outcomes, Kaitlin Y. Cordes and Anna Bulman

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Emerging Practices in Community Development Agreements, Jennifer Loutit, Jacqueline Mandelbaum, and Sam Szoke-Burke

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Periodic Review in Natural Resource Contracts, Jacky Mandelbaum, Salli Anne Swartz, and John Hauert

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A Silver Lining? Impact of Commodity Price Fall on Good Governance in Sierra Leone, Herbert M'cleod, Nicolas Maennling, and Lisa E. Sachs

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Sustainable Development Goals: How Can the Mining Sector Contribute?, Lisa E. Sachs

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The Outsized Costs of Investor–State Dispute Settlement, Lise Johnson and Lisa E. Sachs

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The Real Danger in TPP, Lise Johnson, Lisa E. Sachs, and Jeffrey D. Sachs

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Uncloaking the Secrecy Behind Large-Scale Land Deals, Jesse Coleman

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Global Value Chains and Resource Corridors: The Nexus is Regional Integration, Perrine Toledano

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Exploring the Link Between Food Security and Climate Change, Kaitlin Y. Cordes

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TPP Would Let Foreign Investors Bypass the Canadian Public Interest, Lisa E. Sachs and Lise Johnson

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Next Generation Treaty – India’s New Model BIT Makes it Clear that its Goal is to Accomplish More than Investor Protection, Lisa E. Sachs, Lise Johnson, and Sudhanshu Roy

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Shared-Use Mining Infrastructure in Sub-Saharan Africa, Sophie Thomashausen and Glen Ireland

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Measuring Land Rights for a Sustainable Future, Kaitlin Y. Cordes and Jeffrey D. Sachs

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Wrong Direction on Climate, Trade and Development, Lisa E. Sachs and Lise Johnson

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Not So Fast, Jeffrey D. Sachs, Lisa E. Sachs, and Lise Johnson

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Why Fast Track Is a Dangerous Gift to Corporate Lobbies, Jeffrey D. Sachs, Lisa E. Sachs, and Lise Johnson

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Resource Resilience: How to Break the Commodities Cycle, Lisa E. Sachs and Nicolas Maennling

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Eyes Wide Shut On ISDS, Lisa E. Sachs and Lise Johnson

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The Responsible Investor’s Guide to Climate Change, Jeffrey D. Sachs and Lisa E. Sachs

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Making Agricultural Investments Work for Land Users & Communities, Kaitlin Y. Cordes

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International Investment Agreements: Are Their Policy Aims Served By Their Broad Definitions of Covered “Investors” and “Investments”?, Lise Johnson

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Toward Win-Win Sustainable Development, Linda Moon

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New UNCITRAL Arbitration Rules on Transparency: Application, Content and Next Steps, Lise Johnson and Nathalie Bernasconi-Osterwalder

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Trading Away Human Rights, Kaitlin Y. Cordes and Olivier De Schutter

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State Liability for Regulatory Change: How International Investment Rules are Overriding Domestic Law, Lise Johnson and Oleksandr Volkov

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Cameroon Pastoralists Fight for their Way of Life, Kaitlin Y. Cordes

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Mobil v. Canada – Ratcheting Down the Scope of Treaty Reservations, Lise Johnson

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Why the Extractive Industry Should Support Mandatory Transparency: A Shared Value Approach, Julien Topal and Perrine Toledano

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On Solid Ground: Toward Effective Resource-Based Development, Lisa E. Sachs

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Investor-State Contracts, Host-State “Commitments” and the Myth of Stability in International Law, Lise Johnson and Oleksandr Volkov

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Great Debate: Mining in Latin America, Lisa E. Sachs

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Ask the Experts: Mining, Lisa E. Sachs

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Shared-Use Infrastructure: A Prickly Partnership Takes Root, Perrine Toledano

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The 2012 US Model BIT and What the Changes (or Lack Thereof) Suggest About Future Investment Treaties, Lise Johnson

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Intra-African Investment – A Pressing Issue, Lise Johnson and Shawn Pelsinger

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Inching Towards Consensus: An Update on the UNCITRAL Transparency Negotiations, Lise Johnson

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Devil in the Bidding Detail, Lisa E. Sachs, Jacky Mandelbaum, and Perrine Toledano

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Openness in Extraction, Lisa E. Sachs and Shefa Siegel

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Addressing Climate Change Mitigation and Adaptation Through Insurance for Overseas Investments: The Example of the U.S. Overseas Private Investment Corporation, Lise Johnson

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Wider Role for Our Miners in Africa, Lisa E. Sachs, Joel Negin, and Glenn Denning

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Bilateral Investment Treaties and FDI Flows, Lisa E. Sachs

Books

The Yearbook on International Investment Law & Policy 2018, Lisa E. Sachs, Lise Johnson, and Jesse Coleman

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Modelling for Sustainable Development: New Decisions for a New Age, Andrea M. Bassi, Liesbeth Casier, David Laborde, Max Linsen, David Manley, Nicolas Maennling, Howard Mann, Morten Siersted, Carin Smaller, Iain Steele, David Uzsoki, and Johnny West

The Yearbook on International Investment Law & Policy 2017, Lisa E. Sachs, Lise Johnson, and Jesse Coleman

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Rethinking International Investment Governance: Principles for the 21st Century, Emma Aisbett, Barnali Choudhury, Olivier De Schutter, Frank Garcia, James Harrison, Song Hong, Lise Johnson, Mouhamadou Kane, Santiago Peña, Matthew Porterfield, Susan Sell, Stephen E. Shay, and Louis T. Wells

The Yearbook on International Investment Law & Policy 2015-2016, Lisa E. Sachs and Lise Johnson

The New Frontiers of Sovereign Investment, Perrine Toledano and Malan Rietveld

The Yearbook on International Investment Law & Policy 2014-2015, Andrea K. Bjorklund

Rethinking Investment Incentives: Trends and Policy Options, Ana Teresa Tavares-Lehmann, Perrine Toledano, Lise Johnson, and Lisa E. Sachs

The Yearbook on International Investment Law & Policy 2013-2014, Andrea K. Bjorklund

The Yearbook on International Investment Law & Policy 2012-2013, Andrea K. Bjorklund

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Mining Contracts: How to Read and Understand Them, International Senior Lawyers Project, OpenOil, Revenue Watch Institute-Natural Resource Governance Institue, and Vale Columbia Center on Sustainable International Investment

The Yearbook on International Investment Law & Policy 2011-2012, Karl P. Sauvant

Sovereign Investment: Concerns and Policy Reactions, Karl Sauvant, Lisa E. Sachs, and Wouter P.F. Schmit Jongbloed

The Yearbook on International Investment Law & Policy 2010-2011, Karl P. Sauvant

The Yearbook on International Investment Law & Policy 2009-2010, Karl P. Sauvant

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Handbook for Promoting Foreign Direct Investment in Medium-size, Low-Budget Cities in Emerging Markets, Vale Columbia Center on Sustainable International Investment and Millennium Cities Initiative

The Yearbook on International Investment Law & Policy 2008-2009, Karl P. Sauvant

The Effect of Treaties on Foreign Direct Investment: Bilateral Investment Treaties, Double Taxation Treaties and Investment Flows, Karl Sauvant and Lisa E. Sachs

Book Chapters

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Health Priorities for Sustainable Development, Lisa E. Sachs and Jeffrey D. Sachs

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African Mining and the SDGs: From Vision to Reality, Kathryn Sturman, Perrine Toledano, Charles F.A. Akayuli, and Mzamose Gondwe

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Investment Treaties, Investor-State Dispute Settlement, and Inequality: How International Investment Treaties Exacerbate Domestic Disparities, Lise Johnson and Lisa E. Sachs

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Investments and Human Rights in the Agricultural Sector, Kaitlin Y. Cordes

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Implementing Shared-Use of Mining Infrastructure to Achieve the Sustainable Development Goals, Perrine Toledano and Nicolas Maennling

Memos/Briefing Notes

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CCSI’s Consolidated Feedback on the WBA Draft Nature Benchmark Methodology, Columbia Center on Sustainable Investment

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Climate Action Needs Investment Governance, Not Investment Protection and Arbitration, Columbia Center on Sustainable Investment

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North Africa Can Reduce Europe's Dependence on Russian Gas by Transporting Wasted Gas Through Existing Infrastructure, Mark Davis, Perrine Toledano, and Thomas Schorr

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PLUS Politics: Tackling the EIA Impact Gap, Columbia Center on Sustainable Investment

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The Case for a Climate-Smart Update of the Africa Mining Vision, Perrine Toledano, Martin Dietrich Brauch, Karan Bhulwaka, and Kojo Busia

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Comments to the Draft Working Group III Workplan, Columbia Center on Sustainable Investment, International Institute for Environment and Development, and International Institute for Sustainable Development

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Draft Transparency Policy and DFC Board of Directors Public Engagement Policy, Kaitlin Y. Cordes

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Briefing Note: Aligning International Investment Agreements with the Sustainable Development Goals, Lise Johnson, Lisa E. Sachs, and Nathan Lobel

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The COMET Framework: Greenhouse Gas Data Transparency to Enable the Success of EU Climate Policy, Martin Dietrich Brauch and Solina Kennedy

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Modern Provisions in Investment Treaties, Jesse Coleman

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Incorporating Free, Prior and Informed Consent (FPIC) into Investment Approval Processes, Kelly Dudine and Sam Szoke-Burke

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Investment Promotion and Facilitation for Sustainable Development, Brooke Guven

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Submission to Bonsucro re Production Standard v5 (2019-21), Nami Patel and Sam Szoke-Burke