Integrity in Brief
In spite of the promises of urban life, cities are no panacea. Their governments have been known to promote policies that disadvantage the poor and other vulnerable residents (Piccato 2001). In the developing world, urban population growth can result in overcrowding (Abu-Lughod 2004), and the worsening of environmental problems (Molina and Molina 2002). Criminality and violence are additional concerns (Caldeira 2000 ; Moncada 2009). In Mexico, between 2006 and 2017, more than one-hundred mayors were murdered in the context of an ongoing drug war (Valencia 2017).
Ana Grajales, Paul Lagunes & Tomas Nazal,
A Diagnostic of Urban Corruption in Mexico,
Available at: https://scholarship.law.columbia.edu/public_integrity/22