When the New York State Office of the Inspector General (“NY-OIG”) suspected that a New York State employee named Michael Cunningham was submitting false time reports, its investigators turned to electronic surveillance to assist in their collection of evidence. Without obtaining a judicial warrant, NY-OIG investigators covertly attached a global positioning system (GPS) device to Cunningham’s car and collected data on Cunningham’s vehicular movements twenty-four hours a day for a month, including during his vacation. Ultimately, the GPS data was used in a disciplinary hearing leading to Cunningham’s termination.
Using GPS Devices in Inspector General Investigations after Cunningham v. New York State Department of Labor,
Available at: https://scholarship.law.columbia.edu/public_integrity/118