Social Parenthood in Comparative Perspective
Book 19 in Families, Law, and Society
What makes a person a parent? Around the world, same-sex couples are raising children; parents are separating and re-partnering, creating blended families; and children are living with grandparents, family friends, and other caregivers. In these situations, there is often an adult who acts like a parent but who is unconnected to the child through biogenetics, marriage, or adoption — the common paths for establishing legal parenthood. In many countries, this person is called a “social parent.” Psychologically, and especially from a child’s point of view, a social parent is a parent. But the legal status of a social parent is hotly debated.
Social Parenthood in Comparative Perspective considers how the law does — and how it should — recognize social parenthood. The book begins with a psychological account of social parenthood, establishing the importance of a relationship between a child and a social parent and the harms of not protecting this relationship. It then turns to social scientists to identify and explore some circumstances when a child may have a social parent. And to compare legal responses to social parenthood, the book draws on the expertise of legal scholars in nine countries in North America and Europe. The legal contributors describe the existing laws governing social parents, critique their efficacy, and offer new insights. Though almost all of the countries analyzed have adapted to the new reality of family life by recognizing social parents in some manner, the nature and extent of the recognition varies widely.
The volume concludes by discussing some of the issues flowing from the decision to recognize social parents, including whether social parents should have the same legal rights and responsibilities as other legal parents, whether all social parents must be treated identically, whether the law should limit a child to two parents, and much more. Families are changing, and the law must adapt accordingly. Social Parenthood in Comparative Perspective charts a way forward by offering solutions to help policymakers consider options for addressing social parenthood.
Family Law | Family, Life Course, and Society | Law
New York University Press
New York, NY
“Provides a groundbreaking overview of social parenthood… The book is truly global in scope: it includes perspectives from psychology, sociology, and the law, and it draws on experts from nine countries. It offers a fascinating analysis of how the law approaches, and should approach these relationships, and it is destined to become a classic work in understanding social parenthood.”
—Naomi Cahn, University of Virginia School of Law
“Social parenthood is one of the most important issues that family law is confronting in countries today. Further, countries are approaching this issue in vastly disparate ways. The contributors present compelling and complementary legal analysis and insights as to how nine countries address social parenthood, underscoring the necessity for law to adjust to new iterations of families.”
—Maxine Eichner, Graham Kenan Distinguished Professor of Law, The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
“By examining across the countries of North America and Europe whether and how laws value those relationships, Social Parenthood in Comparative Perspective makes a unique and long- overdue contribution. Comparing same-sex couples, stepparents, and non-parental primary caregivers within and among countries, this book is an invaluable resource to anyone who thinks about the meaning of family.”
—Nancy D. Polikoff, author, Beyond (Straight and Gay) Marriage: Valuing All Families Under the Law
“Timely and engaging, the comparative and interdisciplinary aspects of this volume offer many valuable contributions to the ongoing conversation about legal recognition of what the book calls ‘social parents.’ The diverse and impressive contributors make the case for law reform in response to the expanding landscape of parenting.”
—Susan Frelich Appleton, Lemma Barkeloo & Phoebe Couzins Professor of Law, Washington University in St. Louis
Huntington, Clare; von Bary, Christiane; and Joslin, Courtney G., "Social Parenthood in Comparative Perspective" (2023). Faculty Books. 357.