Document Type

Report/Policy Paper

Publication Date



In light of the upcoming renegotiation of Annex C of the Treaty of Itaipú, the Ministry of Finance of Paraguay asked Professor Jeffrey Sachs and his team to revisit the 2013 report, with support from the Development Bank of Latin America (Banco de Desarrollo de América Latina [CAF]) and in partnership with the Sustainable Development Solutions Network (SDSN).

CCSI, the Quadracci Sustainable Engineering Lab at Columbia University, and the Centro de Recursos Naturales, Energía y Desarrollo (CRECE) authored the report Decarbonization Pathways for Paraguay’s Energy Sector, published by CCSI in November 2021.

The report – available in English and Spanish – integrates the results of three energy models with findings from literature review and expert interviews to provide recommendations for Paraguay to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions to meet its climate change commitments under the Paris Agreement by decarbonizing the country’s energy use sectors by 2050 through economy-wide zero-carbon electrification, massive energy efficiency gains, behavioral changes, and institutional reforms.


Energy and Utilities Law | Environmental Law

Paraguay-Descarbonizacion Report-Espanol.pdf (6001 kB)
Report en Español

Paraguay-Decarbonization-Executive-Summary.pdf (2677 kB)
Executive Summary

Paraguay-Descarbonizacion-Executive Summary-Espanol.pdf (2561 kB)
Executive Summary en Español

Paraguay-Decarbonization-Appendices.pdf (4813 kB)

Paraguay-Descarbonizacion-Apendices-Espanol.pdf (4144 kB)
Appendices en Español

Paraguay-Decarbonization-Report-CRECE Technical Report.pdf (5742 kB)
CRECE Technical Report

Paraguay-Descarbonizacion-Informe-CRECE Technical Report-Espanol.pdf (5787 kB)
CRECE Technical Report en Español

Paraguay-Decarbonization-Report-Quadracci Technical Report.pdf (5334 kB)
Quadracci Lab Technical Report

Paraguay-Descarbonizacion-Informe-Quadracci Lab Technical Report-Espanol.pdf (5109 kB)
Quadracci Lab Technical Report en Español