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The International Civil Aviation Organisation (ICAO), the UN specialised body for aviation, is developing a scheme to reduce the climate impact of aviation emissions, the Carbon Offsetting and Reduction Scheme for International Aviation (CORSIA). From 2021, participating countries will (voluntarily at first) offset any growth in CO2 aviation emissions above the level those emissions have reached in 2020. This paper does not consider the climate implications of the scheme but rather focuses on whether the governance structure under which the scheme is being developed – especially its transparency and opportunities for public participation – meets an appropriate standard, given the importance of the scheme being developed (aviation emissions are a growing cause of climate change). If the public cannot access information on why and how the final agreement was reached, nor present information relevant to that agreement, the scheme risks being seen as illegitimate.


Environmental Law | Law