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The United States has repeatedly affirmed that state and local governments are vital to comprehensive human rights implementation within and throughout the country. During the 2010 UPR, the Legal Adviser to the U.S. State Department emphasized that “the best human rights implementation combines overlapping enforcement by ... the federal government working together with state and local partners.” Indeed, state and local authorities are on the front lines of addressing key human rights issues, including housing, employment, criminal justice and education. This includes the over 150 state and local civil and human rights agencies that enforce federal, state and local human and civil rights laws and/or conduct research, training and education, and issue policy recommendations within the United States (“Human Rights Agencies”). It also encompasses the full array of state and local officials with decision-making and enforcement authority, including governors, state attorneys general, mayors, state legislators, city council members, law enforcement, city, county and town executives, and boards of supervisors.