When the United States Constitution was written in 1787, its defining phrase “We the people” did not include women, LGBTQ+ people, people of color, or immigrants. In 2021, these groups, among others, still lack fundamental equality under the law. Two pieces of legislation are pending in Congress that would strengthen legal protections against discrimination based on sex, sexual orientation, and gender identity: the Equal Rights Amendment (ERA) and the Equality Act.
Center for Gender and Sexuality Law,
The Equal Rights Amendment and the Equality Act: Two Equality Measures Explained,
Available at: https://scholarship.law.columbia.edu/gender_sexuality_law/10