The American papers sometimes contain tales about persons who have forgotten who they are, what are their names, and where they live. The Porto [sic] Ricans find themselves in the same predicament as those absent-minded people. To what nationality do they belong? What is the character of their citizenship? ... [l]f since they ceased to be Spanish citizens they have not been Americans [sic] citizens, what in the name ·of heaven have they been?
Christina D. Ponsa-Kraus,
"They say I am not an American…": The Noncitizen National and the Law of American Empire,
Va. J. Int'l L.
Available at: https://scholarship.law.columbia.edu/faculty_scholarship/2628