The Empagran Exception: Between Illinois Brick and a Hard Place

Victor P. Goldberg, Columbia Law School


In F. Hoffmann-La Roche Ltd. v. Empagran S.A., the Supreme Court interpreted the Foreign Trade Antitrust Improvements Act ("FTAIA") to bar an antitrust suit by foreign plaintiffs against foreign defendants despite the fact that the foreign and domestic markets were interconnected. I identify one narrow class of cases that would satisfy the statutory exception. Rather than focusing on the interrelatedness of the foreign and domestic prices, the inquiry centers on the resale of goods to the domestic market. The argument is a variant on Illinois Brick.